Research Team

The research project is led by an interdisciplinary team of three University of Toronto faculty members:


Associate Professor Heidi Bohaker, Principal Investigator
Department of History Heidi Bohaker photo
Professor Heidi Bohaker is an Associate Professor in the Department of History at the University of Toronto. She is a historian of Canada and of Aboriginal peoples in North America. She has a broad interest in the types of archives and categories of information both states and non-states kept and keep about their people. She also has a strong research interest in the digital humanities, and is co-director of an international database project known as GRASAC or the Great Lakes Research Alliance for the Study of Aboriginal Arts and Cultures. Bohaker has the responsibility of safe-guarding the research in progress of members from different countries and the protection of digital data that First Nations contributors consider sacred and/or sensitive. As a result, Bohaker has developed research interests and experience in the privacy and security of digital data and eCommunications.

Associate Professor Lisa Austin, Co-investigator
Centre for Innovation and Policy, Faculty of Law Lisa Austin photo
Professor Lisa Austin is an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Toronto. She holds a Bachelor’s degree from McMaster, and a Law and Doctoral degree in Philosophy from the University of Toronto. Prior to joining the faculty, she served as law clerk to Mr. Justice Frank Iacobucci of the Supreme Court of Canada. Professor Austin was called to the Bar of Ontario in 2006. Professor Austin’s research and teaching interests include privacy law and property law.

Professor Andrew Clement, Co-investigator
Information Policy Research Program, Faculty of InformationAndrew Clement photo
Andrew Clement is a Professor in the Faculty of Information at the University of Toronto, where he coordinates the Information Policy Research Program and co-founded the Identity Privacy and Security Institute (IPSI). With a PhD in Computer Science, he has had longstanding research and teaching interests in the social implications of information/communication technologies and participatory design. Recent work focuses on public information policy for guiding the development of Canada’s information infrastructure. Among his recent privacy/surveillance research projects, are an internet mapping tool that helps make more visible NSA warrantless wiretapping activities and the routing of Canadian personal data through the U.S. even when the origin and destination are both in Canada;, which documents (non)compliance of video surveillance installations with privacy regulations and helps citizens understand their related privacy rights. Clement is also a co-investigator in The New Transparency: Surveillance and Social Sorting research collaboration.

Stephanie Perrin
Stephanie Perrin photoStephanie Perrin is conducting doctoral research focused on privacy issues at the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). She is recognized as an international expert in privacy and data protection and the social impact of technology. She has served in several positions in the Canadian Government, including in Integrity Services at Service Canada, as Director of Research and Policy in the Office of the Privacy Commissioner, and as Director of Privacy Policy at Industry Canada where she was responsible for the development of the private sector privacy legislation, the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA), and the CSA standard that preceded it. She has worked in the private sector and has consulted broadly on privacy issues internationally, including advising on the first privacy policy for the Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA).

Research Assistants

Andi Argast
Andi Argast is a strategist, writer, and researcher working at the intersection of digital technology and non-profit organizations. Her background is in marketing and communications and she holds a Master of Information from the University of Toronto and a Bachelor of Journalism from Carleton University. Andi’s research and work focuses on digital advocacy, community engagement, open data, media literacy.

Daniel Carens-Nedelsky
Daniel Carens-Nedelsky photoDaniel Carens-Nedelsky is a second year law student at the University of Toronto. He received an Hon. Bachelor of Arts and Science from the Arts & Science Program at McMaster University, and MA in Philosophy from the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology at the University of Toronto. He works as Research Assistant for Professor Lisa Austin, exploring the legal regimes in Canada and the US regulating governmental access to Canadians’ electronic information.

Susan Colbourn
Susan Colbourn photoSusan Colbourn is currently pursuing a PhD in History at the University of Toronto and is a Junior Fellow at the Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History. Her dissertation, entitled “Out of Area? The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Collapse of Détente, 1977-1982,” examines the alliance’s response to the gradual unravelling of superpower détente. Prior to her Doctoral studies, Susan completed an MA in History of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science (2011) and an Hon. BA in History and International Relations at the University of Toronto (Trinity College, 2009).

John M. Dirks
John M. Dirks photoJohn M. Dirks completed his PhD in History at the University of Toronto in 2014. Specializing in Canadian and American diplomatic history, his dissertation “Managing a Cooperative Disagreement: Canada-United States Relations and Revolutionary Cuba in the Cold War, 1959-1980,” explores the cooperative dimension of Canadian-United States relations regarding Castro’s Cuba despite fundamental disagreements in approach. Prior to his Doctoral studies, John studied at Queen’s University and at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Information. He worked for 18 years at the Archives of Ontario, holding numerous positions as a professional archivist, manager and policy analyst, in the latter role he dealt with electronic records management and digital preservation.

Dawn Walker
Dawn Walker photoDawn Walker is a Master of Information student at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Information specializing in Information Systems and Design. Her research interests include community-led infrastructure development and responses to surveillance. Prior to her current studies, Dawn completed an Hon. BA in History and Philosophy at the University of Toronto (Woodsworth College, 2009).